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Physical and Human framework

The Kingdom of Morocco is located in northwest of Africa on the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean sea. It is separated from Europe by the the Straits of Gibraltar. The kingdom's capital is Rabat. The national territory stretches on an area of about 711 000 square kilometres and the population reached 32 millions in 2006
Demographic growth: 1, 7 % per year (between 1994 and 1998).
The Moroccan national currency is the Moroccan Dirham which is indexed to the dollar and to the Euro since 1999 January the 4th.
The Atlantic Morocco with its Mediterranean climate contains the most important plateaus and plains (Abda, Gharb, and Chaouia) as well as the longest rivers (Sebour, Oum rabïe). This part of the Kingdom is the most populated (about 20 millions). To the north, the "Rif" chain overhangs the Mediterranean shore and stands as a natural boundary to the eastern provinces, an area with dry climate formed by sparsely populated high plateaus and the valley of the Moulouya river .

The chain of Atlas which stands up in the east and south of the Atlantic Morocco is made up of ::
· The Medium Atlas,
· The High Atlas (Great Atlas in Arabic, peak at Jebel Toubkal: 4 165 m)
· The Minor Atlas which forms the southern boundary of the "Souss Valley" populated with Amazigh People.

To the South of the Minor Atlas, is the Moroccan Sahara dotted with oasis (Smara) and seasonal rivers (Drâa), with small inland towns and coastal modern cities (Laâyoune, Smara, Dakhla, Boujdour). This greater part of Moroccan sahara was mainly populated by nomad tribes.