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Adoption of Resolution 2494 on Moroccan Sahara

The Security Council decided on October 30, to extend the mandate of the United Nations Mission - MINURSO- for 12 months, until 31 October 2020.

Adopting resolution 2494 (2019), the Council emphasized the need for a realistic, practicable, enduring and compromise‑based political solution to the Sahara question.

The UN Security Council reaffirmed the relevance of the Moroccan position and reinforces the positive momentum and growing support for the fundamentals of this position.

This new Resolution underlined three important messages, notably the round-table meetings process as the only framework for reaching a political solution, the return to a 12-month extension of Minurso's mandate and the preservation and consolidation of Morocco's achievements, especially with regard to the pre-eminence of the autonomy initiative.

According to HE Mr. Nasser Bourita, Minister of Foreign Affairs, African Cooperation and Moroccan Expatriates, the Geneva process of round-table meetings is first and foremost a format involving all actors involved, notably Algeria, which is called upon to assume its responsibilities in this dispute.

In its preamble and operative paragraphs, this new Resolution underlines the need for the involvement of all parties concerned by this conflict, including the neighbouring countries in order to achieve a political solution.

Besides, he considers that the round-table meetings process is then a mandate to achieve a realistic, practical and lasting political solution based on compromise, as specified in operational paragraph 2 of the resolution

The extension of the MINURSO mandate is a strong signal of the Security Council's commitment to the serenity of the political process.

It is also a consideration of the particular regional context that deserves more clarity and visibility so that the various actors are able to participate fully and responsibly in the search for the political solution.

In addition to reaffirming the pre-eminence of the Moroccan initiative for autonomy, the Resolution confirms the call for a census of the populations of the Tindouf camps and reiterates the injunctions to the "polisario" to refrain from any act of provocation that could destabilize the UN process.

The Resolution 2494 welcomes, equally, the role played by the Moroccan National Council on Human Rights Commissions operating in Dakhla and Laayoune, and Morocco’s interaction with Special Procedures of the United Nations Human Rights Council.”

The resolution calls, in addition, for working in an atmosphere conducive to dialogue, thus ensuring the implementation of Security Council resolutions since 2007, the date of the submission by Morocco of its autonomy initiative.