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Monarchical Institution

 

With its roots and historical legitimacy going back twelve centuries, the Monarchy in Morocco can claim, rightly, a real influence over national public life in its two dimensions, temporal and spiritual. This implies the role of this institution throughout the eight dynasties that succeeded in Morocco, from the Idrissids to Alawites.

 

Its role has been variously emphasized and codified in the constitutions of 1962, 1970, 1972, 1992 and 1996, and it is now called, according to the new Constitution of 2011, a “citizenship-based monarchy”, guarantor of the nation’s fundamentals. Hence, the significance of the two-key elements in this 2011 constitution:

 

- The deletion of any reference to the sacredness of the king's person, substituting it by the more modern notion of inviolability and respect due to the Sovereign, (Article 46).

- The explicit and detailed codification of the King’s powers, as Commander of the Faithful (Amir Al Mouminine), in charge of religious matters (Article 41) and as Head of State, symbol of the unity of the nation, guarantor of the permanence and continuity of the State, ultimate arbiter between institutions, and protector of the nation’s democratic options (article 42).